See Boaz Zissu, “This Place Is for the Birds,BAR 35:03.


See Suzanne F. Singer, “The Dig-for-a-Day Experience,BAR 36:03; and Dorothy D. Resig, “Volunteers Find Missing Pieces to Looted Inscription,BAR 36:03.


See David M. Jacobson, “Marisa Tomb Paintings,BAR 30:02; Amos Kloner, “Underground Metropolis: The Subterranean World of Maresha,BAR 30:02.



The Zenon papyri (c. 259 B.C.E.) testify to the intensive commercial ties between Maresha and the Ptolemies.


Ian Stern, “The Population of Persian Period Idumea According to the Ostraca: A Study of Ethnic Boundaries and Ethnogenesis,” in Y. Levin, ed., A Time of Change: Judah and Its Neighbors in the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods (London: T&T Clark, 2007), pp. 205–238.


Antiquities 13.257–258.


Geography 16.2.34, in Menahem Stern, ed., Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism, vol. 1 (Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1974), p. 306.


Antiquities 13.395–397.


Frederick J. Bliss and R.A.S. Macalister, Excava­tions in Palestine During the Years 1898–1900 (London: Palestine Exploration Fund, 1902), p. 56.


Tacitus, Histories 5.5, in Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism, vol. 2, p. 281.


Amos Kloner, Maresha Excavations Final Report I: Subterranean Complexes 21, 44, 70, IAA Reports 17 (Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2003), pp. 15–16; Amos Kloner and Yoav Arbel, “Maresha Area 61 (Subterranean Complex),” Excavations and Surveys in Israel 17 (1996), pp. 157–162; A. Kloner, “The Identity of the Idumeans Based on the Archaeological Evidence from Maresha,” in Oded Lipschits, Gary N. Knoppers and Manfred Oeming, eds., Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Period (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2010), pp. 565–566, 570; and I. Stern, “Ethnic Identities and Circumcised Phalli at Hellenistic Maresha,” Strata: Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 30 (2012), pp. 57–88, based upon a paper delivered at the ARAM conference “The Edomite (Idumeans) and the Nabataeans” in Oxford, England, July 2012.


See Ian Stern and Vered Noam, “Holey Vessels of Maresha,” forthcoming in ARAM Periodical.