See, for instance, the eloquent statements of Bernhard W. Anderson, in Rediscovering the Bible (New York: Association Press, 1951); G. Ernest Wright and Reginald H. Fuller, The Book of the Acts of God (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1957).


For general orientation to the problems of writing a history of ancient Israel, see the essays in Israelite and Judaean History, edited by John H. Hayes and J. Maxwell Miller (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1977); specifically on archaeology and the patriarchs, see my essay, “The Patriarchal Traditions: Palestine in the Second Millennium B.C.E.: The Archaeological Picture,” pp. 70–120. See also Miller, The Old Testament and the Historian (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1976).


On the social world of the prophets, see Robert R. Wilson, Prophecy and Society in Ancient Israel (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1980); and also, Morris Silver, Prophets and Markets: The Political Economy of Ancient Israel (Boston: Kluwer-Nijhott Publishers, 1983).


On the problems of literary, form and other methods of critical analysis in general, see endnotes 1 and 3; Fortress Press publishes an excellent, nontechnical series entitled Guides to Biblical Scholarship, in which several volumes deal with modern critical methods in the study of the Hebrew Bible. On the transmission of the Biblical text, see B.J. Roberts, The Old Testament Text and Versions (Cardiff: Univ. of Wales Press, 1951).


See Miller’s essay in Miller and Hayes, Israelite and Judaean History, pp. 213–284.


This recycling is a part of what archaeologists call “cultural formation processes,” or how the debris found by archaeologists in a typical mound forms and is transformed over time. See, for instance, Michael B. Schiffer, Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record (Albuquerque: Univ. Of New Mexico, 1987).


For further discussion, see my chapter in The Hebrew Bible and Its Modern Interpreters, ed. D.A. Knight and G.M. Tucker (Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1985), pp. 57–59.


See William G. Dever et al., “Further Excavations at Gezer, 1967–71,” Biblical Archaeologist (BA) 24 (1971), pp. 112–117.


Norman K. Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250–1050 B.C.E. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1979), p. xxv.


On ancient Israelite festivals, see Hans Joachim Kraus, Worship in Israel: A Cultic History of the Old Testament (Richmond, VA: John Knox, 1966), pp. 26–92; also Roland de Vaux, Ancient Israel, Its Life and Institutions (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961), pp. 481–517.


See Robert A. Oden, Jr., “The Persistence of Canaanite Religion,” BA 39 (1976), pp. 31–36.


See my forthcoming treatment in the Frank Moore Cross Festschrift for details.