The scientific siglum is 4Q184. This fragment was first published by J. Allegro in Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 1964, pp. 53–55, and later in Discoveries in the Judaean Desert V (1968), pp. 82–85.


This has been shown by J. Richt in an exhaustive study of this poem, combining both insight and erudition, with ample bibliography. Licht’s study is to be found in B. Uffenheimer (ed.), Bible and Jewish History, Tel Aviv 1971, pp. 289–296 (J. Liver Memorial Volume) (in Hebrew).