No works of the late-fifth-century B.C.E. sculptor Polyclitus have survived; in Roman times, however, he was famous as the sculptor of the Doryphorus (the spear-bearer), much imitated by Roman sculptors. The fourth-century B.C.E. Athenian sculptor Praxiteles’s works include the Aphrodite of Knidos and the altar of the Artemision in Ephesus (neither work has survived). Scopas, a fourth-century B.C.E. sculptor from the island of Paros, designed the Temple of Athena at Tegea, not far from Sparta.



See Bettina Bergmann, “Greek Masterpieces and Recreative Fictions,” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. 97, Greece in Rome (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1995), p. 104.


Pliny, Natural History 36.20.