William Faulkner, Requiem for a Nun (New York: Random House, 1951), p. 92.
See Donald B. Redford, Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1992), pp. 417–419.
See William L. Moran, The Amarna Letters (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1992).
See Harris Papyrus I, trans. by Antonio Loprieno, “Slaves,” in The Egyptians, ed. Sergio Donadoni (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1997), pp. 221–227.
Harris Papyrus I, trans. by Loprieno, in “Slaves,” pp. 204–205.
Redford, Egypt, Canaan, and Israel, p. 164.
Trans. by Edda Bresciani, “Foreigners,” in The Egyptians, ed. Donadoni, p. 235.
“For two years I have been repeatedly robbed of my grain, we have no grain to eat. What can I say to my peasantry? Their sons, their daughters, the furnishings of their houses are gone, since they have been sold in the land of Yarimuta for provisions to keep us alive” (EA 85, trans. by Moran, Amarna, p. 156; cf. EA 74, 75, 81, 90).
Trans. by A.F. Rainey, apud Redford, Egypt, Canaan, and Israel, p. 221.
Trans. by Redford, Egypt, Canaan, and Israel, p. 209.
Trans. by Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The Aramaic Inscriptions of Sefire, 2nd ed. (Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1995), p. 45.
Fitzmyer, Aramaic Inscriptions of Sefire, p. 85.
See Rudolf Smend, “Mose als geschichtliche Gestalt,” Historische Zeitschrift 260 (1995), pp. 1–19.
On Moses’ (and Yahweh’s) Midianite connection, see Frank M. Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998), pp. 53–70; Lawrence E. Stager, “Forging an Identity,” in Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Michael Coogan, pp. 142–149; and Moshe Weinfeld, “The Tribal League at Sinai,” in Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross, eds. Patrick D. Miller et al. (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987), pp. 303–314.