See Trude Dothan, The Philistines and Their Material Culture (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1982); Tristan J. Barako, “The Seaborne Migration of the Philistines,” Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, 2001; Manfred Bietak, “The Sea Peoples and the End of the Egyptian Administration in Canaan,” in Avraham Biran and Joseph Aviram, eds., Biblical Archaeology Today, 1990. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Biblical Archaeology. Jerusalem, June-July 1990 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1993), pp. 292–306; Shlomo Bunimovitz, “Sea Peoples in Cyprus and Israel: A Comparative Study of Immigration Processes,” in Seymour Gitin, Amihai Mazar and Ephraim Stern, eds., Mediterranean Peoples in Transition. Thirteenth to Early Tenth Centuries B.C.E. (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1998), pp. 103–113; Mazar, “The Emergence of the Philistine Material Culture,” Israel Exploration Journal 35 (1984), pp. 95–107; Mazar, “Some Aspects of the ‘Sea Peoples’ Settlement,” in Michael Heltzer and E. Lipinski, eds., Society and Economy in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1500–1000 B.C.) (Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1988), pp. 251–260; Lawrence E. Stager, “When Canaanites and Philistines Ruled Ashkelon,” BAR 17:02; Stager, “The Impact of the Sea Peoples in Canaan (1185–1050 B.C.E.),” in Thomas E. Levy, ed., Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land (New York: Facts on File, 1995), pp. 332–348; Stager, “Foraging and Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel,” in Michael E. Coogan, ed., The Oxford History of the Biblical World (New York and Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998), pp. 123–175. See also the following by Trude Dothan: “What We Know About the Philistines,” BAR 08:04; “The Arrival of the Sea Peoples: Cultural Diversity in Early Iron Age Canaan,” Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 49 (1989), pp. 1–22; “Social Dislocation and Cultural Change in the 12th Century B.C.E.,” in William A. Ward, Martha S. Joukowsky, eds., The Crisis Years: The 12th Century B.C. From Beyond the Danube to the Tigris (Dubuque: 1992), pp. 93–98; “Initial Philistine Settlement: From Migration to Coexistence,” in Mediterranean Peoples in Transition, pp. 148–161.


Stager, “The Impact of the Sea Peoples,” p. 344.


H.H. Nelson, et al. Medinet Habu I. Earlier Historical Records of Ramses III (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1930).


Both fineware pottery, drinking and serving vessels commonly referred to in the archaeology of Israel as “Monochrome” or “Mycenaean IIIC” pottery, and Aegean-style small, round cooking pots are of types that first appeared in the Late Helladic IIIC period in Greece.


Yohanan Aharoni, The Land of the Bible. A Historical Geography (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1979), pp. 45–46; and M.C. Astour, “Overland Trade Routes in Ancient Western Asia,” in Jack M. Sasson, ed., Civilizations of the Near East (New York: Scribner, 1995), vol. III, p. 1415.


As indicated by the redating of the stratum VIIa destruction to the transitional LHIIIB2-LHIIIC/early by P.A. Mountjoy, “Troia VII Reconsidered,” Studia Troica 9 (1999), pp. 295–346.


H.A. Hoffner, Jr., “The Last Days of Khatusha,” in The Crisis Years, pp. 46–52; and Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), pp. 378–379.


As seen in the destruction of Porsuk. See Jak Yakar, “Anatolian Civilization Following the Disintegration of the Hittite Empire,” Tel Aviv vol. 20, no.1, p. 12.


Yakar, “Anatolian Civilization,” pp. 14–15.


John A. Wilson, “Egyptian Historical Texts,” in J.B. Pritchard, ed. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Related to the Old Testament (Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969), p. 262.


Israel Finkelstein, “The Philistine Countryside,” Israel Exploration Journal 46 (1996), pp. 225–242.


Stager, “The Impact of the Sea Peoples,” p. 344.


Deborah Sweeney and Assaf Yasur-Landau, “Following the Path of the Sea Persons: The Women in the Medinet Habu Reliefs,” Tel Aviv vol. 26 (1999), pp. 116–145.


Shelley Wachsmann, Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant (London: 1998), p. 201.


Michael Artzy, “On Boats and Sea Peoples,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 266 (1987), pp. 79–80. These however, seem to be local, Egyptianizing ships rather than Aegean ones.


Artzy, “Routes, Trade, Boats and ‘Nomads of the Sea,’” in Mediterranean Peoples in Transition, pp. 444–445.


Avner Raban, “Minoan and Canaanite Harbours,” in R. Laffineur, ed., Thalassa. L’égée prehistorique et la mer (Aegaeum 7) (Liège: Université de Liège, 1991), pp. 142–143; Ephraim Stern, Dor—Ruler of the Seas (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1994), pp. 97–98.


Mazar, “Some Aspects of the ‘Sea Peoples’ Settlement,” pp. 255–256; Vassos Karageorghis, “The Prehistory of Ethnogenesis,” in Karageorghis, ed., Proceedings of the International Symposium Cyprus in the 11th Century B.C. (Nicosia: University of Cyprus, 1994), pp. 1–9; Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, “The Last Mycenaeans and Their Successors Updated,” in Mediterranean Peoples in Transition, p. 122.


D.W. Anthony, “Migration in Archaeology: The Baby and the Bathwater,” American Anthropologist 92 (1990), p. 903.


Bietak, “The Sea Peoples and the End of the Egyptian Administration in Canaan,” pp. 299–300.


Stager, “The Impact of the Sea Peoples,” p. 236.