For a technical geological account of the material in this article, see Amos Frumkin, “Formation and Dating of a Salt Pillar in Mount Sedom Diapir, Israel,” Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 121 (2009), pp. 286–293.
C. Migowski, A. Agnon, R. Bookman, J.F.W. Negendank and M. Stein, “Recurrence Pattern of Holocene Earthquakes along the Dead Sea Transform Revealed by Varve-counting and Radiocarbon Dating of Lacustrine Sediments,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 222 (2004), pp. 301–314.
G.M. Harris & A.P. Beardow, “The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah; a Geotechnical Perspective,” Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology 28 (1995), pp. 349–362. See also D. Neev & K.O. Emery, The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1995).
W.E. Rast, “Bab edh-Dhr’a and the Origin of the Sodom Saga,” in L.G. Perdue, L.E. Toombs and G.L. Johnson, eds., Archaeology and Biblical Interpretation (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1987), pp. 185–201.