Herod the Great began his reign in 37 B.C. and died in 4 B.C., but the period which bears his name is usually considered to extend to 70 A.D. when the Romans destroyed the Second Temple. The Herodian period thus includes the Jerusalem of Jesus’ time.


The Mishnah is an early Jewish law book. Mishneh, involving the same root, is used in the Bible to denote a section of Jerusalem.—Ed.