See Bezalel Porten, “Did the Ark Stop at Elephantine?” BAR 21:03.



Hannah M. Cotton, “The Archive of Salome Komaise Daughter of Levi: Another Archive from the ‘Cave of Letters,’” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 105 (1995), pp. 171–208. Now published in Hannah M. Cotton and Ada Yardeni, Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek Documentary Texts from Nahal Hever, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert 27 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), pp. 158–237.


The Babatha archive includes not only documents belonging to Babatha but also to her stepdaughter Shelamzion. The archive includes Shelamzion’s marriage contract, a deed of gift and a renunciation of claims.


Cotton, “A Canceled Marriage Contract from the Judean Desert,” Journal of Roman Studies 84 (1994), pp. 64–86.


Naphtali Lewis, The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters: Greek Papyri, Judean Desert Studies (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1989), Papyrus 19, p. 85.


Lewis, Documents, Papyrus 20, p. 91.


Yigael Yadin, Bar Kokhba: Rediscovery of the Legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1971), chaps. 9, 11–12. Pierre Benoit, J.T. Milik and Roland de Vaux, Les Grottes de Murabba‘ât: Textes, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961).


Unfortunately, the French excavators did not supply data about the circumstances of the find.


Bezalel Porten and Ada Yardeni, Textbook of Aramaic Documents from Ancient Egypt, vol. 2, Contracts (Jerusalem: Hebrew University, 1989).