COURTESY OF HESHAM HUSSEIN, EGYPTIAN MINISTRY OF TOURISM & ANTIQUITIES
FRONTIER FORTRESS. Qedua (possibly biblical Migdol) sat on the north shore of Shihor near the Mediterranean coastal ridge. A key control point for access to Egypt from the Levant, the border fortress was crucial for Egypt’s security during the time of Jeremiah. The initial structure (in orange) dates to the end of the seventh century BC. It was later rebuilt but eventually destroyed by fire in the second half of the sixth century, probably as a result of the Persian invasion of 525 BC. The photo looks south at the west enclosure wall of the later phase during the 2007 excavations.