See “Ebla Scholarship à la Syrienne,” BAR 08:01; “What Archaeology Can Contribute to an Understanding of the Bible,” BAR 07:05, by William G. Dever; “Should the Term ‘Biblical Archaeology’ Be Abandoned?” BAR 07:03; “Annual Meetings Exhilarating Debate Over Biblical Archaeology Laid to Rest,” BARlines, BAR 10:02.


For background information on Freedman’s views, see “Leading Scholar Calls for Prompt Publication,” BAR 04:01, by David Noel Freedman.


Carol Newsom, 4Q—The Qumran Angelic liturgy—Edition, Translation and Commentary, Doctoral Dissertation, 1982.


Geza Vermes and Pamela Vermes, The Dead Sea Scrolls: Qumran in Perspective (William Collins, Sons & Co., Ltd. London, 1977), pp. 23–24.


Theodor Gaster, Dead Sea Scriptures, 2nd ed. (Doubleday Anchor Press: New York, 1976), p. xv.


Morton Smith, “Hellos in Palestine,” Eretz Israel, Vol. 16, p. 211.


Philip J. King, “Sharing the Results of Scholarly Research,” The Word of the Lord Shall Go Forth: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Sixtieth Birthday, Carol L. Meyers and M. O’Connor, eds. (Eisenbrauns: Winona Lake, Wisconsin, 1983), p. 12.