Rashi is an acronym for Rabbi Shelomo Yitshaki (1040–1105), an outstanding scholar who wrote commentaries on the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud (the collection of Jewish laws and teachings). Midrash is a genre of rabbinic literature that includes nonliteral elaborations of biblical texts.


During the Byzantine period, Onkelos produced an Aramaic translation of the Bible that Rashi later relied on.


A tallit is a Jewish prayer shawl; a mezuzah, a scroll inscribed with Deuteronomy 6:4–9, 11:13–21 and the name Shaddai, and placed in a case affixed to the doorpost of Jewish homes, in accordance with the command to “inscribe [the words] upon the doorposts of thy gates.”