Multiple wick-rests are known since the MB I–MB II period in lamps used for cultic purposes.


Recent archaeological evidence suggests that their first appearance was somewhat later, after the reign of Herod.


The strict prohibition of making a replica of the menorah appears in the Babylonian Talmud (Menahot 28b; Rosh Hashana 24a): “A man may not make a house after the design of the Temple … or a menorah after that of the menorah (in the Temple). He may, however, make one with five, six or eight (branches) but with seven he may not make one.”