A. Leo Oppenheim (translator), “Babylonian and Assyrian Historical Texts,” in James B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 3rd edition with Supplement (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969), pp. 284–285.


Frank M. Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998), pp. 3–21.


John Bright, A History of Israel, 4th edition (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2000), p. 187 ff.; G. Ernest Wright, “The Provinces of Solomon,” in N. Avigad et al, eds., Eretz-Israel 8 [E.L. Sukenik Memorial Volume] (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1967), pp. 58–68; Norman K. Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250–1050 B.C.E. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1979), Part IX; see also his The Politics of Ancient Israel, Library of Ancient Israel (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001). For the theory of patrimonial authority, see Max Weber, “Economy and Society,” in G. Roth and C. Wittick, eds., Economy and Society vol. 2 (Berkeley: University of California, 1978), ch. 12. For its application to Ancient Israel, see L.E. Stager, “Archaeology of the Family,” BASOR 260 (1985), pp. 25–28. For its application to the whole of the ancient Near East, see J. David Schloen, The House of the Father as Fact and Symbol: Patrimonialism in Ugarit and the Ancient Near East, Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant, vol. 2 (Cambridge: Harvard Semitic Museum, 2001); Baruch Halpern, The Constitution of the Monarchy in Israel, Harvard Semitic Monographs No. 25 (Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1981); Hayim Tadmor, “‘The People’ and the Kingship in Ancient Israel: The Role of Political Institutions in the Biblical Period,” Journal of World History 11 (1968), pp. 46–68.


For example, seals nos. 6–11 in Nahman Avigad and Benjamin Sass, Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1997).


W.F. Albright (translator), “Palestinian Inscriptions,” in Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts, p. 320. The use of “his month” to refer to the month when one works at a specific occupation is idiomatic in Hebrew. As an example: “Those officials supplied provisions for King Solomon and for all who came to King Solomon’s table, each one in his month hodsûô” (1 Kings 5:7).