Sarah B. Pomeroy, Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity (New York: Shocken Books, 1975), p. 166.
Plautus, The Captives, 889; Suetonius, Julius Caesar, 52; etc.
Aulus Gellius, Attic Nights, 3.2. See Alan Watson, Roman Private Law (Edinburgh: The University Press, 1971), pp. 21ff. Infertility was a common reason for divorce; see Pomeroy, Goddesses, Whores, pp. 158ff.
Gellius, Attic Nights, 1.6.2; cp. 1.6.6.
Roman History, 54.16.1
On the subject of women’s sexual freedom, see Eva Cantarella, Pandora’s Daughters: The Role and Status of Women in Greek and Roman Antiquity, tr. M.B. Fant (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987), pp. 140ff.
Cora E. Lutz, Yale Classical Studies, vol. 10 (1947) p. 86, XII.4–8.
See Michael Grant, Eros in Pompeii (New York: William Morrow, 1975). O. Larry Yarbrough points to widespread practices at odds with the position of the moral philosophers, but he categorizes them as “immorality,” in Not Like the Gentiles: Marriage Rules in the Letters of Paul (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1985), p. 63.
Roy Bowen Ward, “PORNEIA and Paul,” in Proceedings: Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society and Midwestern Society of Biblical Literature 6 (1986), pp. 219–228.
Hans Conzelmann, 1 Corinthians, tr. J.W. Leitch, Hermeneia (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975), p. 120.
Ars Amatoria, 2.681f., 725–728; 3.793f.
See Victor Paul Furnish, The Moral Teaching of Paul (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2nd edn., 1985), especially chs. 2 and 4.