Every generation of Old Testament scholars seems to look for a new panacea around which to chase their tails. Gottwald gave them just such a panacea for the 1980s; see my review of Gottwald’s The Tribes of Israel in Journal of the American Oriental Society 107/3 (1987), pp. 541–543.
Israel Finkelstein, The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1988). See also the review by Douglas L. Esse, Books in Brief, BAR 14:05, and Israel Finkelstein, “Searching for Israelite Origins,” BAR 14:05.