Jotapata was a fortress in the Galilee where Josephus, who was commander of Jewish forces in the Galilee, took refuge from the Romans and where he surrendered to them in 67 A.D. after forty-seven days of siege.


Gischala was a Jewish settlement in northern Galilee which was subdued in 67 A.D. by the Roman army led by Titus. However, the Jewish leader, John of Gischala, escaped to Jerusalem.


Mt. Tabor, located in southern Galilee, was another Jewish fortification which was captured by Vespasian in 67 A.D.


Josephus writes about himself in the third person.


Agrippa II was the great-grandson of Herod the Great and the last Jewish king of the Herodian line. He ruled Palestine at the time of the Jewish revolt against Rome. Agrippa tried to convince the Jews that they were powerless against Rome. He failed and subsequently supported Rome in the ensuing war. Agrippa fought in Vespasian’s campaign and was slightly wounded in a battle near Gamla.


Vespasian—full name Titus Flavius Vespasianus—was the best general of the Roman emperor, Nero. When the Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine Vespasian was dispatched with three legions to quell the outbreak. Vespasian subdued Gamla.


Titus, with his father, Vespasian, led Roman forces to put down the Jewish revolt. Titus besieged Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple in 70 A.D.


The God of War (or fortune) who demands blood.


c. November 9, 67 A.D.


c. November 10, 67 A.D.


c. October 12, 67 A.D.