Bibliographic citations of the church sites where the deliberate damage occurred, along with many color photographs of the damage, can be found in Michele Piccirillo, The Mosaics of Jordan (Amman, Jordan: ACOR, 1993); in Robert Schick, The Christian Communities of Palestine from Byzantine to Islamic Rule (Princeton, NJ: Darwin, 1995), esp. chap. 9; and in Piccirillo and Eugenia Alliata, Mount Nebo: New Archaeological Excavations, 1967–1997 (Jerusalem: Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, 1998), esp. pp. 372–389.


Translation in Cyril Mango, Art of the Byzantine Empire 312–1453 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986), pp. 152–153.


Rudi Paret, “Die Entstehungszeit des islamischen Bilderverbots,” Kunst des Orients 11 (1976–1977), pp. 158–181, and Paret, “Textbelege zum islamischen Bilderverbot,” in Hans Fegers, ed., Das Werk des Künstlers, Hubert Schrade Festschrift (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1960), pp. 36–48; and Daan Van Reenen, “The Bilderverbot, A New Survey,” Der Islam 67 (1990), pp. 27–57.


See Schick, Christian Communities of Palestine, esp. chap. 8.


Alexander Vasiliev, “The Iconoclastic Edict of the Caliph Yazis II, A.D. 721,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 9–10 (1956), pp. 25–47.


Translation in Mango, Art of the Byzantine Empire, p. 151.


Leah Di Segni, “The Date of the Church of the Virgin in Madaba,” Liber Annuus 42 (1992), pp. 251–257.


Sidney Griffith observes that only the Orthodox Christians of Syria-Palestine who agreed with the fifth-century Church Council of Chalcedon were concerned about images. Christians in other Muslim-ruled areas—such as the Monophysites in Egypt—expressed no interest in images in their writings. See Sidney Griffith, “Theodore Abu Qurrah’s Arabic Tract on the Christian Practice of Venerating Images,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (1985), pp. 53–73; and “Images, Islam and Christian Icons,” in Pierre Canivet and Jean-Paul Rey-Coquais, eds., La Syrie de Byzance à l’Islam VIIe-VIIIe siècles (Damascus: Institut Français di Damas, 1992), pp. 121–138.