Similar jugs with a doubled rim, a ring base and a single handle were found in Stratum 12 at Arad, which is dated from the end of the 11th to the beginning of the 10th century B.C. In Tell Beit Mirsim, Stratum A, two additional, similar jugs were found, belonging to the ninth to eighth centuries B.C. From the end of the tenth century came a similar jar from Ta’anach Stratum IIb. In Lachish, Stratum III (900–700 B.C.) and Megiddo, Strata III–IV and VI (1150–650 B.C.) other jugs were found comparable to the Eshtemoa jugs.



E. L. Mayer and L. M. Reifenberg of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem published a short report in Yediot (Vol. 9, 5702, pp. 41–44), the quarterly of the Israel Exploration Society.


Similar silver hoards have been found at Megiddo (Megiddo II [Chicago, 1948], pl. 229, pp. 7–9), at Shechem (Shechem, [London, 1965], p. 8), at Gezer (Gezer II, [Jerusalem: Hebrew Union College and Archaeological School in Jerusalem, 1974], p. 262, fig. 408), as well as at other sites in Israel, but none contains such an unusual quantity as at Eshtemoa.


The clearest parallels come from Megiddo level VI, Ta’anach level IIb, Lachish level III, Tell Beth Mirsim level A, as well as from other sites that provide an average date of ninth to eighth centuries B.C.


A similar H| was found on an ostracon from Arad that dates not later than the eighth century B.C. and not earlier than the tenth century B.C. A similar H| can be seen on the Gezer calendar from the tenth century B.C., but this is incised on stone so it is not a good comparison to our painted H|. A similar H| appears on a decanter found at el-Kom, near Hebron, belonging to the eighth century B.C.