See Chris Rollston, “What’s the Oldest Hebrew Inscription?BAR 38:03.



Eilat Mazar, David Ben-Shlomo and Shmuel Ahituv, “An Inscribed Pithos from the Ophel, Jerusalem,” Israel Exploration Journal 63 (2013), pp. 39–49.


More detail in André Lemaire, “West Semitic Epigraphy and the History of the Levant During the 12th–10th Centuries B.C.E.,” in Gershon Galil, Ayelet Gilboa, Aren M. Maeir and Dan’el Kahn, eds., The Ancient Near East in the 12th–10th Centuries B.C.E., Alter Orient und Altes Testament 392 (Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2012), pp. 5–13.


Alan Millard, “Only Fragments from the Past: The Role of Accident in Our Knowledge of the Ancient Near East,” in Piotr Bienkowski, Christopher B. Mee and Elizabeth A. Slater, eds., Writing and Ancient Near Eastern Society, Papers in Honour of Alan R. Millard (London: T & T Clark, 2005), pp. 301–319.