“This word came from the Lord to Jeremiah … Go to my shrine at Shiloh, which once I made a dwelling for my name, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of my people Israel … Therefore what I did to Shiloh I will do to this house which bears my name, the house in which you put your trust, the place I gave to you and your forefathers.” (Jeremiah 7:12–14) A similar prediction occurs in Jeremiah 26:4–6. The reference to Shiloh in Jeremiah’s prediction suggests that the loss of the Ark and of God’s presence could happen in Jerusalem as it once did in Shiloh. The Ark with the Tablets of the Law resided at Shiloh until it was carried by the Israelites to Ebenezer to strengthen them in battle with the Philistines. Despite this precaution, the Philistines defeated the Israelites at Ebenezer, captured the Ark and took it to Ashdod. Shortly thereafter a deadly plague besieged the Philistines. Attributing their bad fortune to the presence of the Ark, the Philistines carted the Ark back to the Israelites at Beth Shemesh from whence it was carried to Kiriath Yearim where it remained until David wore it to Jerusalem accompanied by dancing and singing.



Solomon Grayzel, A History of the Jews, (Philadelphia. The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1964), 172–74.


Alfred H. Tamarin, Revolt in Judea: The Road to Masada, adapted from Josephus’ The Jewish War (New York, Galahad Books, 1968), p. 136.


Heinrich Graetz, History of the Jews, Vol. II. (Philadelphia, The Jewish Publication Society Of America, 1945), p. 314.


Frederic W. Madden, History of Jewish Coinage, reprint of the 1864 volume (New York, The Library of Biblical Studies, edited by Harry M. Orlinsky, Ktav Publishing House, 1964), pp. 183–197.




Charles Raddock, Portrait of a People (New York, The Judaica Press, Inc., 1965), p. 141.

Several sources suggest that the menorah was not melted down but remained a booty of war prized by Vespasian and successive Roman Emperors. The historian Josephus states that Vespasian deposited the menorah in the Peace Temple he erected after the Jewish War (Wars 7:148–50). Medieval sources mention the presence of the menorah in Constantinople, although no one is certain whether this was the original menorah or a later copy.


Uriel Rappaport, “Emergence of Hasmonean Coinage,” Association for Jewish Studies Review, (1976): 173.


Uriel Rappaport, “Emergence of Hasmonean Coinage,” Association for Jewish Studies Review, (1976): 173.


Ibid. Also see Prolegomenon to Madden, by Michael Avi-Yonah.


Midrash, Pesikta Rabbati, end of Sec. 26.


See commentaries to Megillat Eichah/Lamentations, (New York, ArtScroll Studios, Ltd., 1976), pp. 52–55.


A. H. Kagan, Israel’s Money and Medals, (New York, A. H. Kagan, Ltd., 1974), SM-10.