Footnotes

1.

See Rashi’s commentary on the Torah, at Genesis 1:1.

2.

A midrash is a method of interpreting the biblical text by providing a short narrative or anecdote that accounts for some irregularity or problem in the text. This particular example can be found in Judah Goldin’s The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, Version A, (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1955), p. 20.

3.

The Book of Jubilees was especially popular at Qumran; at least 15 copies of it were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Also, many of its expressions and ideas are similar to those in other Dead Sea Scrolls. Clearly there was a close connection between the community that produced Jubilees and the one reflected in the sectarian documents from Qumran.