Recent archaeological excavations have been conducted at Sepphoris by teams from the University of South Florida, Duke University, Hebrew University in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv University. The amulets discussed in this article were found by the team from the University of South Florida, under the direction of Professor James F. Strange.
The copper case appears to have been incised (not an uncommon practice), but these incisions could not be deciphered.
Joseph Naveh and Shaul Shaked, Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1987), p. 45.
Robert Daniel and Franco Maltomini, eds., Supplementum Magicum, 2 vols. (Oplanden: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1990–1992), pp. 47–48, 1.27.
Hans Dieter Betz, ed., Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, 18b.5–7, 47.14.
Joseph Naveh and Shaul Shaked, Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1993), p. 60.
John G. Gager, Curse Tablets and Binding Spells from the Ancient World (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992), p. 11.
Stanley Tambiah, “The Magical Power of Words,” Man 3 (1968), pp. 177–206.
Clement of Alexandria, Stromata 1.143.1; cited in Gager, Curse Tablets, p. 10.
Amulet 10 in Naveh and Shaked, Amulets and Magic Bowls, p. 87.
Tablet 12 in Gager, Curse Tablets, p. 65.
See H.S. Versnel, “Beyond Cursing: The Appeal to Justice in Judicial Prayer,” in Magica Hiera, ed. C.A. Faraone and D. Obbink (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1991), pp. 60–106.
Naveh and Shaked, Magic Spells and Formulae, p. 22.
We are aware that the text of Amos 7:7–8 is problematic and that this translation is not universally accepted.
A discussion of the relevant text can be found in S. Miller, “The Minim of Sepphoris Reconsidered,” Harvard Theological Review 86:4 (1993), pp. 377–402.
Mishnah, Shabbat 16b.
Babylonian Talmud, Shevu’ot 15b.
Socrates, Ecclesiastical History, 5.15.
Philip R. Amidon, S.J., trans. and ed., The Panarion of St. Epiphanius, Bishop of Salamis (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1990), 30.7–8.
S. Kazan, “Isaac of Antioch’s Homily Against the Jews,” Oriens Christianus 49 (1965), p. 59.