1. See Baruch Halpern, “Erasing History,Bible Review, December 1995; Hershel Shanks, “Face to Face: Biblical Minimalists Meet Their Challengers,BAR, 23:04; Yosef Garfinkel, “The Birth & Death of Biblical Minimalism,BAR, 37:03.

3. André Lemaire, “‘House of David’ Restored in Moabite Inscription,BAR, 20:03.

4. Eilat Mazar, “Did I Find King David’s Palace?BAR, 32:01; Avraham Faust, “Did Eilat Mazar Find David’s Palace?BAR, 38:05; Nadav Na’aman, “The Interchange Between Bible and Archaeology,BAR, 40:01.

5. Hershel Shanks, “Prize Find: Oldest Hebrew Inscription Discovered in Israelite Fort on Philistine Border,BAR, 36:02; Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Hasel and Martin Klingbeil, “An Ending and a Beginning,BAR, 39:06; Yosef Garfinkel, Saar Ganor and Joseph Baruch Silver, “Rejected! Qeiyafa’s Unlikely Second Gate,BAR, 43:01.


1. Lester L. Grabbe, ed., Can a ‘History of Israel’ Be Written? European Seminar in Historical Methodology, vol. 1 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997).

2. Thomas Thompson, “A Neo-Albrightean School in History and Biblical Scholarship?” Journal of Biblical Literature 114 (1995), p. 697.

3. William G. Dever, What Did the Biblical Writers Know and When Did They Know It? What Archaeology Can Tell Us About the Reality of Ancient Israel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2001).

4. Michel Foucault, “The History of Sexuality,” in Colin Gordon, ed., Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977 (New York: Pantheon Books, 1980), p. 193.

5. Thomas E. Levy, ed., Historical Biblical Archaeology and the Future: The New Pragmatism (London and Oakville, CT: Equinox, 2010).

6. William G. Dever, Beyond the Texts: An Archaeological Portrait of Ancient Israel and Judah(SBL Press, 2017 [forthcoming]).