See Suzanne F. Singer, “Jerusalem Update: More Temple Mount Antiquities Destroyed,BAR, September/October 2000.



R.W. Hamilton, Structural History of the Aqsa Mosque (Jerusalem: Oxford Univ. Press, 1949).


Cassius Dio, Roman History 69.12. Bordeaux Pilgrim, Travels (Itinerarium Burdigalense) 591.


Nili Liphschitz, Gideon Biger, Georges Bonani and W. Wolfli, “Comparative Dating Methods: Botanical Identification and C-14 Dating of Carved Panels and Beams from the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem,” Journal of Archaeological Science 24 (1997), pp. 1045–1050. See also N. Liphschitz and G. Biger, “Secondary and Tertiary Use of Cedrus Libani (Cedar of Lebanon) Timber in Constructions,” Qadmoniot 97–98 (in Hebrew) (Jerusalem, 1992), pp. 19–20, S. Lev-Yadun, N. Liphschitz and Y. Waisel “Ring Analysis of Cedrus Libani Beams from the Roof of El-Aqsa Mosque,” Eretz-Israel 17 (1984), pp. 92–96 (in Hebrew).


Hamilton, Structural History of the Aqsa Mosque, p. 87.


P. Reuven, “A Decorated Beam from the Roman Period in the Temple Mount,” in E. Baruch et al., eds., New Studies on Jerusalem, vol. 15 (Hebrew) (Ramat-Gan: The Ingeborg Rennert Center for Jerusalem Studies Publication, 2009), p. 223.


O. Peleg-Bareket, “The Royal Stoa of the Herodian Temple Mount: A Proposed Reconstruction,” in D. Amit, G. Stiebel and O. Peleg-Barkat, eds., New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and Its Region, Collected Papers Vol. V (in Hebrew) (Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 2011), p. 48.