The conference was funded by the Hagop Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies.


The original members of the committee were Roland de Vaux, who served as chairman until his death in 1971, Frank Moore Cross, John Strugnell, Patrick Skehan, Jean Starcky, Claus Hunzinger, John Allegro and J. T. Milik. The international committee thus included scholars from the United States, France, Great Britain, Germany and Poland. Aside from the committee, Maurice Baillet of Erance was assigned Cave 11 materials.


Publication of Dead Sea Scroll materials is under the jurisdiction of other committees as well, which to some extent, operate in the same way.

Apparently at one point the Jordanian authorities or the trustees of the Palestine Archaeological Museum sold publication rights to Dead Sea Scroll materials (See John Allegro, The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Reappraisal [Baltimore: Penguin, 1964], p. 49). The Royal Academy of Amsterdam purchased the right to publish some scroll materials, and a Dutch committee has assumed jurisdiction over their publication. The American Schools of Oriental Research, with the help of a gift from Elizabeth Hay Bechtel purchased the right to publish some scroll materials whose publication is under the jurisdiction of a committee of the American Schools of Oriental Research. In addition, the Israelis also have scroll fragments that do not fall under the jurisdiction of any of these committees.


This appears to be the case also with respect to some of the scroll materials referred to in the previous footnote.


Allegro himself has frequently chided his colleagues on the international committee for their delays. In 1984, Allegro commented:

“I am still the only member of that original team to have published all of his section of the work in definitive form (1968). … Despite all the impatient mummurings of fellow-academics over the years, my colleagues have managed to retain their exclusive control over these important manuscripts.” (The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christian Myth [First American Editions, 1984], p. 6.)

These published “treasures,” as Allegro calls them, will be available to all only “when a handful of privileged scholars can be persuaded to find the will and energy to share ‘their’ jealously guarded manuscripts with less fortunate colleagues and the world at large” (p 7).


Ulrich is energetically attempting to complete Skehan’s work. Interestingly enough, Ulrich is not sure whether he is a member of the international committee. When asked whether he is now a member of the committee, he replied, “That’s a good question. I would say yes, I am. I’m presuming I am.” He has never seen any rules of the committee and doesn’t know if there are any. He has never participated in any committee decision. On the other hand, he is now free to reassign publication rights to his own students.


Those who have seen the unpublished fragments of the Damascus Document tell us that the order of pages proposed by Schechter is wrong. The unpublished Qumran fragments also contain passages missing from the medieval copies and relating to such subjects as the cultic purity of priests and sacrifices, laws of marriage relations with pagans, relations between the sexes and a prohibition of magic. In addition, the beginning of the Damascus Document, which is missing in the medieval copies, was found at Qumran; this introduction contains what has been characterized by those who have seen it as an “Exhortation: God’s Saving Plan in History.” The Qumran fragments also contain an otherwise missing conclusion. See J. A. Fitzmyer, The Dead Sea Scrolls: Major Publications and Tools for Study, (Scholars Press, 1977), pp. 90–91; see also pp. 20, 21.


BARlines, BAR 11:03.



John M. Allegro, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert of Jordan 5 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968).


John Strugnell, “Notes en marge du volume V des ‘Discoveries in the Judaean Desert of Jordan,’” Revue de Qumran, No. 26, Vol. 7, fasc. 2, April 1970, pp. 163–276.


J. A. Fitzmyer, The Dead Sea Scrolls: Major Publications and Tools for Study, (New York: Scholars Press, 1977), p. 26.


Ben Zion Wacholder, The Dawn of Qumran: The Sectarian Torah and the Teacher of Righteousness (Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1983)