A seal impression bearing Baruch’s name has been found and is displayed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

4. 52 days. The Babylonians had destroyed the wall with the rest of the city in 587 B.C. In 445 B.C. Nehemiah returned to Judah from Babylon and saw that the “walls of Jerusalem were broken down, and the gates were consumed by fire” (Nehemiah 2:13).

Nehemiah led his people to rebuild the wall in record time. “The wall was finished on the twenty-fifth of Elul, after fifty-two days. When all our enemies heard it, all the nations round about us were intimidated, and fell very low in their own estimation; they realized that this work had been accomplished by the help of our God” (Nehemiah 6:15–16).

5. The Book of Jasher. This is one of several books no longer in existence that are referred to in the Old Testament. Not only the story of the stationary sun (Joshua 10:12–14), but also David’s lament over the deaths of Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 1:18) is said to have been recorded in the Book of Jasher.

6. Omri. Samaria was the third and final capital of the northern kingdom of Israel (after Shechem and Tirzah). “In the thirty-first year of King Asa of Judah, Omri became king over Israel—for twelve years. He reigned in Tirzah six years. Then [about 870 B.C.] he bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver, he built [a town] on the hill and named the town which he built Samaria, after Shemer, the owner of the hill (1 Kings 16:–24).

7. Nahum. Composed in vivid poetry, the Book of Nahum describes the Babylonian siege of Nineveh and the city’s well-deserved doom. “The sword will put an end to you; it will devour you like the grub…All who hear the news about you clap their hands over you. For who has not suffered from your constant malice?” (Nahum 3:15, 19).

8. Amos. A native of Tekoah, a small village in Judah, Amos was called about 760 B.C. to deliver a message of judgment against the northern kingdom of Israel. In one vision, Amos tells us he saw God standing on a wall with a plumb line in his hand. God asked, “ ‘What do you see, Amos?’ ‘A plumb line,’ I replied. And my lord declared ‘I am going to apply a plumb line to My people Israel; I will pardon them no more. The shrine of Isaac shall be laid waste, and the sanctuaries of Israel reduced to ruins; and I will turn upon the House of Jeroboam with the sword’ ” (Amos 7:7–9).

9. Uzziah (also known as Azariah). Uzziah was king of the southern kingdom of Judah for approximately 50 years during the eighth century B.C. His contracting the disease was interpreted as a judgment of God. “When he was strong, he grew so arrogant he acted corruptly: he trespassed against his God by entering the Temple of the Lord to offer incense on the incense altar” (2 Chronicles 26:16).

When the priests warned Uzziah that he was trespassing, he rebelled. “But as he got angry with the priests, leprosy broke out on his foreheard…King Uzziah was a leper until the day of his death” (2 Chronicles 26:19–21).

The word leprosy appears often in the Bible and is used to describe a variety of skin diseases.

10. The Philistines. “There was bitter war against the Philistines all the days of Saul” (1 Samuel 14:52).

Displaced from the Aegean region, the Philistines eventually settled down on the southern coast of Canaan in the early 12th century B.C. and competed with the Hebrews for control of the land. Saul had only limited success against this formidable enemy, but the next king, David, was able to secure victory over the Philistines.