Footnotes

1.

B.C.E. and C.E. are the scholarly, religiously neutral designations corresponding to B.C. and A.D. They stand for “Before the common Era” and “Common Era.”

Endnotes

1.

Y. K. Kim. “Palaeographical Daring of ¸46 to the Later First Century,” Biblica 69:2 (1988), pp. 248–257.

2.

Bruce Metzger, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1968), pp. 40–41.

3.

Kurt and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans 1987) pp. 101–102; and Metzger, p. 6.

4.

Cf. Metzger, p. 9.

5.

The most up-to-date numbering of each class of manuscripts is found in Aland p. 74.

6.

Metzger; p. 4.

7.

Metzger; p. 63.