The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan (Abot de Rabbi Nathan) Version B, ed. and trans. Anthony J. Saldarini (Leiden: Brill, 1975), p. 182.


See Roland H. Bainton, “The Bible in the Reformation,” in The Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 3, ed. S.L. Greenslade (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1963), p. 34.


See Gershom G. Scholem, Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and Talmudic Tradition (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1960), p. 38; and David J. Halperin, The Faces of the Chariot: Early Jewish Responses to Ezekiel’s Vision (Tübingen: Mohr, 1988), p. 26.


Tosefta H|Dagiga 2.3–4; trans. revised from Halperin, Faces of the Chariot, p. 31. On the mystical connotations of this text, see J.M. Baumgarten, “The Qumran Sabbath Shirot and Rabbinic Merkabah Traditions,” Revue de Qumran 13 (1988), pp. 209–213.