See plate I in Richard D. Barnett, “Ezekiel and Tyre,” Eretz Israel vol. 9 (1969), pp. 6–13.


John Chadwick, Documents in Mycenaean Greek, second edition, (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1973), pp. 186–187, 431.


For an English translation of the text (KTU 4.40) with further bibliography, see Jacob Hoftijzer and Wilfred H. van Soldt, “Texts from Ugarit Pertaining to Seafaring,” in Shelly Wachsmann, Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, (College Station, TX: Texas A&M Univ. Press, 1998), p. 337.


RS 34.129. See Hoftijzer and van Soldt, “Texts from Ugarit,” p. 343.


This notion is based on the theory, first formulated by the German Egyptologist Rainer Stadelmann, that both the land and naval battle scenes at Medinet Habu were set in the eastern Delta; see “Die Abwehr der Seevölker unter Ramses III,” Saeculum 19.2–3 (1968), pp. 156–171.


See plate 8 in Norman de G. Davies and R.O. Faulkner, “A Syrian Trading Venture to Egypt,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology vol. 33 (1947), pp. 40–46.


See plates 132–133 in Nina de Garis Davies, The Tomb of Huy, Viceroy of Nubia in the Reign of Tut’ankhamun (Theban Tomb Series, Fourth Memoir), (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1926).


For an English translation of these texts, see William L. Moran, The Amarna Letters, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1992), pp. 105–107, 110–111.