1. Nava Panitz-Cohen and Naama Yahalom-Mack, “The Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maacah,BAR, July/August/September/October 2019.


1. For full discussion, see Naama Yahalom-Mack et al., “The Iron Age IIA ‘Benyaw Inscription’ on a Jar from Tel Abel Beth Maacah,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly (2021), pp. 1–23,

2. Reading courtesy of Christopher Rollston of the George Washington University.