From Charles Enderlin, Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995–2002, reviewed in The New York Times Book Review, Sunday May 4, 2003, p. 11.


From the Commentary of Tabari (10th century C.E.), quoted in F.E. Peters, Jerusalem: The Holy City in the Eyes of Chroniclers, Visitors, Pilgrims, and Prophets from the Days of Abraham to the Beginning of Modern Times (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), p. 181.


From the Muthîr al-Ghiräm (14th century), quoted in Peters, Jerusalem, p. 189.