For recent syntheses of the following discussion, see Israel Finkelstein, The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1988); William G. Dever, Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Biblical Research (Seattle: Univ. of Washington Press, 1990), chapter 2, and “Tell el-Dab‘a and Levantine Middle Bronze Age Chronology: A Rejoinder,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR) 281 (1991), pp. 73–77.