A convenient and authoritative discussion of the Egyptian evidence may be found in A. Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs (Oxford, 1961), p. 270 f. The Philistines themselves do not figure in the invasion of Egypt in the time of Merneptah, but make their appearance in Egypt in the time of Ramesses III (1182–1151), in his eighth regnal year (1174), as invaders from Asia (Palestine) where they were already settled. For discussion, see Gardiner, p. 283 f.