The Hasmonean period began with the successful revolt of the Maccabees; Jews even today celebrate this event at the festival of Chanukah. The Hasmonean period ended when Herod the Great assumed the crown of the Jewish state in 37 B.C. He ruled until 4 B.C. when his son Archelaus succeeded him as the ethnarch of Judea, Samaria and Idumea until his removal in 6 A.D.