R. Grafman, “Nehemiah’s ‘Broad Wall,’” Israel Exploration Journal 24 (1974): 50–52; Nahman Avigad, Discovering Jerusalem (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1983), pp. 56–60. On the idea that the name Sha’ar Hayeshanah (“Old Gate”) is a distortion of the original name Sha’ar HaMishneh (“Secondary Gate”), see B. Mazar, “Jerusalem from Isaiah to Jeremiah,” in B. Mazar, ed., Biblical Israel, State and People (Jerusalem, 1992), p. 103.