Wroe implies that all Essenes were celibate (p. 83) and at one point describes the letters of Pilate as medieval (p. 95), although they have been cited since the second century. Referring to the acts and policies of Pilate, she gives scant significance to his insistence on keeping the vestments of the high priest in the Antonia fortress, rather than the Temple (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 18.88–95). She describes Pilate’s soldiers as exceeding his order when they “slashed and cut” a crowd of Jews, whereas Josephus says that they clubbed them, as instructed, albeit with undue severity (The Jewish War 2.175–177; Antiquities 18.60–62). In a recent article that summarizes contemporary discussion and research, Daniel Schwartz has shown that two very similar vignettes, one sketched by Josephus (War 2.169–174; Antiquities 18.55–59) and one by Philo (Embassy to Gaius 299–305), reflect a single incident when Pilate tried and failed to introduce the imperial insignia into Jerusalem (see his article on Pilate in The Anchor Bible Dictionary [Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1992], vol. 5, pp. 395–401). Wroe does not refer to that discussion (nor to the actual passages in question), and so she inadvertently makes Pilate into a slow learner, in that he makes the same mistake twice.