See Israel Finkelstein and Nadav Na’aman, eds., From Nomadism to Monarchy. Archaeological and Historical Aspects of Early Israel (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1994), especially Finkelstein’s contribution, pp. 150–178; compare my critique, “The ‘Nomadic’ Origins of Earliest Israel: Can Archaeology Separate Fact from Fiction,” in Mediterranean Peoples in Transition: Thirteenth to Early Tenth Centuries B.C.E., ed. Laurence Silberman (New York: New York Univ., forthcoming in 1996).