Marilyn Gaddis Rose, “Translation Types and Conventions,” in Translation Spectrum, ed. Rose (Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1981), p. 32: “In overt translation the receiving reader or listener knows that the text is a translation and recognizes that it is bound to the source culture … Covert translations, on the other hand, are almost accidentally in a language other than the original, for they are not bound to a specific culture.”