F.M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine, vol. 2 (Paris: 1938), pp. 314–316; Michael Avi-Yonah, Historical Geography of Palestine: From the End of the Babylonian Exile Up to the Arab Conquest (Jerusalem: Bialik Institute, 1962), p. 102 (Hebrew); Richard M. Mackowski, “Where Is Biblical Emmaus?” Science et Esprit 32.1 (1980), pp. 93–103; and Emil Schürer, The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.–A.D. 135), revised and edited by Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar and Matthew Black (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1973), vol. 1, pp. 512–513, n. 142. Recently, Steven Notley also identified New Testament Emmaus with Motza-Colonia (Anson F. Rainey and R. Steven Notley, The Sacred Bridge: Carta’s Atlas of the Biblical World [Jerusalem: Carta, 2006], pp. 367–368).