This experience is discussed in Steven Fine, The Menorah: From the Bible to Modern Israel (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 2016), pp.1–16. On the colorization project described in this article, see Steven Fine, Peter J. Schertz and Donald H. Sanders, “The Arch of Titus in Color: A Tentative Reconstruction of the Polychromy of the Menorah Panel,” forthcoming. See also Steven Fine, “Menorahs in Color: Polychromy in Jewish Visual Culture of Roman Antiquity,” Images: A Journal of Jewish Art and Visual Culture 6.1 (2012), pp. 3–25; Heinrich Piening, “Examination Report: The Polychromy of the Arch of Titus Menorah Relief,” Images: A Journal of Jewish Art and Visual Culture 6.1 (2012), pp. 26–29. Our research is the subject of Fine’s free Coursera course, The Arch of Titus: Rome and the Menorah ( Our work was made possible by generous funding provided by Yeshiva University and by the support of George Blumenthal of New York, David and Jemima Jeselsohn of Zurich and the International Catacomb Society. We especially thank the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma, Cinzia Conti, and our colleagues Bernard Frischer of Indiana University, Paolo Liverani of the University of Florence, Heinrich Piening of the State of Bavaria and John Pollini of the University of Southern California.