See Williams, Sisters in the Wilderness, pp. 167, 165. On sacrificial ritual as enacting patrilineal descent, a “remedy for having been born of woman” and “birth done better,” see Nancy Jay, Throughout Your Generations Forever (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992). Asking why, throughout the world, women can not and do not sacrifice while men voluntarily shed blood in sacrifice, Jay sees sacrifice as “establishing bonds of intergenerational continuity between males that transcend their absolute dependence on childbearing women” (p. 147), in other words, a means of disempowering women.