For an in-depth discussion of the mechanisms of shock invoked during crucifixion, from initiation to death, see my article “Death by Crucifixion” published in the Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences Journal (vol. 17 , pp. 1–13). My research findings and conclusions were presented in a paper entitled “Death by Crucifixion” before the Forensic Pathology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (35th Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 19, 1983). Many pathologists indicated agreement with my conclusions, and not a single forensic pathologist challenged any of the findings or conclusions.