The gates were engaged in a wall that encircled the Temple precincts. Ezekiel 42:7 refers to it as gaµdeµr, the same word that is used for a wall that encloses gardens and vineyards. Ezekiel 42:12 uses gdrt gynlr; see also Cross, From Epic to Canon (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998), p. 169, n. 67.