On Moses’ (and Yahweh’s) Midianite connection, see Frank M. Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998), pp. 53–70; Lawrence E. Stager, “Forging an Identity,” in Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Michael Coogan, pp. 142–149; and Moshe Weinfeld, “The Tribal League at Sinai,” in Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross, eds. Patrick D. Miller et al. (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987), pp. 303–314.