For the imperial roads that connected Jerusalem to Jaffa, see: “Modiin,” in Mosche Fischer, Benjamin Isaac and Israel Roll, eds., Roman Roads in Judea, II: The Jaffa-Jerusalem Roads (Oxford: BAR International Series, 1996), pp. 67–85; and also Israel Roll, ‘The Roman Road Network in Eretz Israel,” Qadmoniot IX, vol. 34–35 (Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum, 1976), pp. 43, 46–47 [Hebrew]; Israel Roll, “Transportation Routes from Jaffa to Jerusalem in the Roman and Byzantine Periods,” in Ely Schiller, ed., Zev Vilnay’s Jubilee Volume, II (Jerusalem: Ariel Publishing House, 1987), pp. 120–128 [Hebrew]. Regarding the imperial road from Emmaus-Bet Horon, see Fischer, Isaac and Roll, Roman Roads in Judea, pp. 85–87; Israel Roll and Etan Ayalon, “Judea and Samaria: Roman Roads and Milestones,” in Ayala Sussmann and Inna Pommerantz, eds., Excavations and Surveys in Israel, 3, no. 7 (Jerusalem: Israel Department of Antiquities and Museums, 1984), p. 61 [Hebrew]; and Hananya Hizmi, “A Milestone on the Emmaus—Bet Horon Road,” Hadashot Arkheologiyot 95 (Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, 1990), p. 76 [Hebrew].