For an excellent discussion of the differences between Greco-Roman and Christian sexual codes and the ideal conduct during the second to fourth centuries A.D., see Robin Lane Fox, Pagans and Christians (New York: Knopf, 1987), especially chapter 7, aptly titled “Living Like Angels,” pp. 336–374. Also see Paul Veyne, “Homosexuality in Ancient Rome,” in Western Sexuality: Practice and Precept in Past and Present Times, ed. Philippe Ariès and André Béjin; transl. Anthony Forester (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985), pp. 26–35.