On offering stands generally, see Mervin D. Fowler, “Excavated Incense Burners,” BA 47 (1984), pp. 183–186; and LaMoine F. DeVries, “Cult Stands: A Bewildering Variety of Shapes and Sizes,” BAR 13:04. For the connection of Asherah with tree-symbols, see the penetrating works of Ruth Hestrin, “The Lachish Ewer and the ‘Asherah,’” Israel Exploration Journal 37 (1987), pp. 212–223; and “Understanding Asherah—Exploring Semitic Iconography,” BAR 17:05.