Dio Cassius, Roman History 69.12, 1–2. This explanation is consistent with Dio’s claim that the foundation of a temple to Jupiter on the site of the Jewish Temple was one of the main provocations that led to the Bar-Kokhba Revolt. Ancient documents have revealed that as late as the seventh century C.E., the Temple Mount was also known by the population of Jerusalem as the “Capitolium” (Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus); see Bernard Flusin, “L’esplanade du Temple à l’arrivée des arabes, d’après deux récits byzantins,” in Julian Raby and Jeremy Johns, eds., Bayt al-Maqdis: ‘Abd al-Malik’s Jerusalem, part 1 (Oxford: Oxford Univ., 1992), pp. 17–31.