Considerable light on divergent political positions has been shed by analyses of revolutions. For an overview and bibliography, see W. Laqueur, “Revolution,” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. 13, pp. 501–507. Such analysis is a sine qua non for the understanding of the Biblical world and its faith. Regrettably, neither Laqueur nor most other social and political scientists pay enough attention to pre-modern revolutions. The ancient period is woefully neglected.